Essential New York City Guide
Official References

The References page displays the sources Essential New York City Guide derived historical information from on the city of New York.

Each citation in the website will have a letter followed by a number such as A2. The letter denotes the source on this reference page. The number after the letter denotes more specific information about where to find the information in the source.


  1. The Island at the Center of the World, Russell Shorte.
    Doubleday. New York, NY © 2004

  2. Mannahatta, A Natural History of New York City,
    Eric W. Sanderson. Harry N. Abrams, Inc. New York, NY © 2009

  3. The Battle of Brooklyn 1776, John J. Gallagher.
    Sarpedon. New York, NY © 2005

  4. Geological History of NYC Parks
    New York City Department of Parks & Recreation. Web. 06 Feb 2011

  5. New York City— Articles, Video, Pictures & Facts — History Made Every Day — American & World History.
    A&E Television Networks. Web. 06 Feb. 2011

  6. The Hudson River and Its Early Names Cooper, Susan Fenimore.
    Editorial. The Magazine of American History June 1880: 401-18
    James Fenimore Cooper Society Website. Web. 07 Feb. 2011

  7. The Battle For New York Barnet Schecter.
    Walker Publishing Company. New York, NY © 2002

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